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Kirjoittaja Aihe: Aurinko sanskritissa  (Luettu 4161 kertaa)
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« : 08.04.2023 08:21:18 »

Aloin lukea unikirjana M.R. Kalen A Higher Sanskrit Grammar'ia. Törmäsin sanaan maartaaNDa, joka Kalen mukaan tarkoittaa aurinkoa, kääntyy enkuksi: born of a dead (mRta?) egg (aNDa). Sana lienee siis ns. vRddhi-derivatiivi (vokaalin pidennykseen perustuva johdos) sanoista mRtas (kuollut; vrt. suomen marras-) ja aNDa ([esim. linnun]muna). (Tuosta myytistä lienee Kalevalassakin heijjastuksia??). Yksi universumia tarkoittava sana lienee brahmaaNDa (luojajumala brahmaan - pitkällä loppu-aalla - muna  luulisin, EI Absoluutti brahmanin?) - Viitanneeko tuo jotenkin Big Bang'iin, vaikka jotkut astrofyysikot kai epäilevät koko Big Bängiä?

Monier-Williams'in English-Sanskrit Dictionary:

(Boldaus lisätty; emphasis äddid)

 sun
sun [Printed book page 786-b]
SUN , s. sUryyaH, raviH m., bhAnuH m., arkaH, AdityaH, bhAskaraH, savitA m.
(tR), aryyamA m. (n), vivasvAn m. (t), divAkaraH, sUraH. The sun
has innumerable names in Sanskrit, many of which are
more properly epithets than names. Some of them are
here collected with their meanings
. — (As begetter and
nourisher of all things, he is called) savitA m. (tR), sAvitraH,
pUSA m. (n), vizvapAH m. — (As causing day-light) dinakaraH,
divasakaraH, divAkaraH, dinakRt m., prabhAkaraH, vibhAkaraH, ahaskaraH,
bhAskaraH. — (As lord of the day) ahaSpatiH m., dinapatiH, dyupatiH m.,
dinapraNIH m. — (As gem of the day) dinamaNiH m., divAmaNiH m.
— (As gem of the sky) nabhomaNiH m., khamaNiH m., viyanmaNiH m.
— (Enemy of darkness) timiraripuH m., dhvAntArAtiH m., tamonudaH,
tamopahaH. — (Receptacle of light) bhAkoSaH, tejaHpuJjaH. — (Circle of
light) bhAnemiH m. — (Meteor of the sky) khakholkaH. — (The illu-
minator of the sky) khadyotanaH, pradyotanaH, virocanaH. — (Eye of
the sky) nabhazcakSUH m. — (Eye of the world) jagaccakSUH m. (s),
lokacakSUH m. — (Beholder of the deeds of the world) karmma-
sAkSI m. (n), jagatsAkSI m. — (Lord of the constellations)
graharAjaH, grahapatiH m., tapatAmpatiH m., tviSAmpatiH m. — (Having
a thousand rays) sahasrakiraNaH, sahasrAMzuH m. — (Garlanded with
rays) kiraNamAlI m. (n), aMzumAlI m., marIcimAlI m. — (Pos-
sessed of rays) aMzumAn m. (t), gabhastimAn m., aMzudharaH, kiraNaH,
gabhastiH m. — (Lord of the rays) aMzubharttA m. — (Wielding rays)
aMzuhastaH, gabhastihastaH, aMzuvANaH. — (Having hot rays) caNDAMzuH m.,
caNDakiraNaH, gharmmAMzuH m., tigmAMzuH m., tIkSNAMzuH m., kharAMzuH m., caNDa-
razmiH m., caNDamarIciH m., upmarazmiH m., caNDadIdhitiH m., azIta-
marIciH m., azItakaraH. — (Having bright rays) zubhrarazmiH m. —
(Possessed of light) pratibhAvAn m. (t), bhAsvAn m., vibhAvAn m.,
jyotipmAn m., vibhAvasuH m. — (The inflamer, or warmer) tapanaH,
tApanaH. — (The Ripener) pacataH, pacelimaH. — (The scorcher)
zuSNaH. — (Burner of the forehead) lalATantapaH. — (The surpris-
ing light) citrabhAnuH m. — (Sporting or roaming in the sky)
gagaNavihArI m., gagaNAdhvagaH, khagaH, khacaraH. — (Symbol in the sky)
gagaNadhvajaH. — (Friend of the lotuses) padmabandhuH m., padminIkAntaH,
padminIvallabhaH. — (Sprung from the lotus) padmagarbhaH. — (Seated on
a lotus) padmAsanaH. — (Holding a lotus in his hand) padmapANiH m.,
padmakaraH. — (Drawn by seven horses) saptAzvaH. — (Drawn by
green horses) haridazvaH. — (Ever-moving) sadAgatiH m. — (Lord
of life) jIvitezaH. — (Possessed of jewels) maNimAn m. — (Best
of deities) murottamaH. — (As son of Kaśyapa) kAzyapeyaH, kAzya-
piH m. — (As descended from Mṛtanda) mArttaNDaH, mRtANDaH,
mRtaNDaH. — (As having been shorn of his beams by Visva-
karma, the architect of the gods) vikarttanaH. — (As identified
with the 12 ādityas) dvAdazAtmA m. (n), dvAdazAtmakaH. The 12
ādityas are the offspring of Aditi, and are-the emblems
of the sun in each month of the year. Hence they are
Page787-a+ 51

identified with the sun itself. Their names are sUryyaH,
varuNaH, vedAGgaH, bhAnuH m., indraH, raviH m., gabhastiH m., yamaH, svarNa-
retAH m., divAkaraH, mitraH, viSNuH m. Other names for the sun,
of less obvious derivation are the following: pataGgaH,
papIH m. (s), haMsaH, inaH, heliH m., mihiraH, bhagaH, taraNiH m.,
mitraH, bhaTTArakaH, vradhnaH, aruNaH, vizvakarmmA m., varuNaH, viSNuH, kRSNaH.
The following are the names of some of the sun's wives:
chAyA, azvinI, prabhA, saMjJA, vizvakarmmasutA, tvASTrI, savarNA, zaniprasUH f.,
tapatI, trasareNuH m., varI saurI, sUryyA. His sons are yamaH or
vaivazvataH, zaniH m., azvinau m. du. or azvinIkumArau m. du., karNaH,
sAvarNiH m., sugrIvaH, revantaH, raivataH; ‘his daughter, or the per-
sonified Taptī river,’ tapatI, tapanatanayA, arkatanayA; ‘his
charioteer,’ aruNaH, anUruH m., kAzyapiH m., garuDAgrajaH, sUrasUtaH,
sUryyasArathiH m.; ‘three of his attendants,’ mATharaH, piGgalaH, daNDaH;
‘a worshipper of the sun,’ sauraH; ‘the sun's disk,’ sUryyamaNDalaM,
see DISK: ‘early morning sun,’ bAlArkaH, bAlAtapaH, bAlamitraH;
‘figure of the sun as drawn for worship,’ sUryyayantraM; ‘half-
yearly passage of the sun,’ ayanaM, see SOLSTICE; ‘mansion
of the sun,’ sUryyanakSatraM, mahAnakSatraM; ‘region of the sun,’ sUryya-
lokaH. — (Sun and moon) sUryyacandramasau m. du., candrArkau m. du.,
divAkaranizAkarau m. du., puSpavantau m. du., puSpadantau m. du. [ID=28750]
 
 
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